State of California AIR RESOURCES BOARD 217 W. 1st Street Old State Bldg. Los Angeles, CA July 15, 1970 9:30 a.m. AGENDA 1. Opening Remarks . . . . . .A.J. Haagen-Smit, Ph.D., Chairman 2. Minutes of Meeting of May 15, 1970. 3. Report of Technical Advisory Committee. 4. Report on Proposed Assembly-line Test Procedures. 5. Local Air Pollution Problems (Section 39054 - Health and Safety Code). 6. Approval of Control Systems. 7. Other Items. 8. Committee Reports. 9. Remarks from the Audience. a. Coalition for Clean Air. b. Others. ITEM Assembly-Line Motor Vehicle Emission Testing. STATUS REPORT Assembly-line or pre-delivery testing of new motor vehicles is required by legislation of the past three years. In response to the first legislation, the Board adopted, in March 1969, a procedure based on a quality audit test of a small percentage of production according to the official cold start test procedure. The first data submitted under this requirement will be for the calendar quarter just completed. Before the quality audit procedure was fully developed, new legislation was enacted which imposed a $50 fine for selling any vehicle that failed to pass an assembly-line test. Governor Reagan in his environmental message this year also called for the testing of each vehicle. Just recently, another requirement was added by the passage of AB 76 which requires posting of the results of an emissions test on each vehicle sold. The latter two requirements cannot be accommodated by a quality audit test only. Several meetings have been held with technical representatives of the automobile industry and other organizations to explore the possibilities for a simple, inexpensive assembly-line test. Test cycles which have been considered include an idle only test, a constant-speed EXIT test developed by General Motors, the key-mode test advocated by Clayton Manufacturing Company, and a "hot start' version of the official 7-mode test. The problem was complicated also by the announced Federal intention to adopt a new continuous test cycle which does not contain repetitive units as the current cycle. Of the alternatives considered, the staff recommends the hot 7-mode test as the most appropriate at this time for testing every vehicle for the purpose of imposing fines and posting test results on individual vehicles. It is also recommended that a quality audit test of a small fraction of production vehicles be continued to provide correlation data for the hot start test and to provide a comparison between approval test vehicles and production vehicles. Other issues which the board must resolve include the adoption of standards appropriate to the assembly-line test. The present approval standards are not directly translatable to results obtained by assembly-line testing because of the difference in test procedures and the fact that the approval tests are made after 4000 miles of use with deposit stabilization. Decision is also required as to whether to require all testing to be done within the State or whether inspectors should be sent to other states and countries to observe tests performed at time of assembly. In the latter case, the compensation of inspectors must be considered; a fee might be required of manufacturers to compensate State inspectors. ITEM Staff Report on Implementation of Section 39054 Health and Safety Code. INTRODUCTION During recent months, the Air Resources Board has received a number of complaints from citizens, individually and in groups, concerning air pollution caused by emissions from stationary sources. Many of those complaints concern installations in counties without air pollution control districts. As the primary responsibility in controlling such sources of pollution has been delegated by the Legislature to local control agencies, these complaints are initially referred to the appropriate local authorities for action. ITEM Rating Gasolines for Smog Potential. The Board has received the accompanying letter from the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors requesting the Air Resources Board to test and rank gasolines sold in Los Angeles on the basis of their effect on emissions. The implementation of such programs by testing exhaust emissions could involve sizable staff and laboratory commitments. The staff has considered the possibility of undertaking fleet tests of the various fuels and directly measuring the effects on emissions. The variability of both vehicles and the emissions tests, however, makes it very difficult and expensive to discern small differences. Such test would also fail to give credit for factors such as the reactivity of exhaust hydrocarbons, the effect of volatility on evaporative losses, and the direct effect of lead as an air pollutant. As an alternative, the staff suggests that it work with Los Angeles County to develop a rating system based on measurable characteristics of the gasoline. Such a scheme could include factors such as olefin and aromatic content, volatility, Reid vapor pressure, detergent characteristics, and lead content. If the Board concurs, the staff proposes to work with Los Angeles County and the Technical Advisory Committee towards the development of such a fuel rating plan. AB 2256 (copy attached) is now being considered by the legislature. This bill gives the ARB authority to regulate gasoline composition factors pertinent to air pollution, initially on the basis of information supplied by fuel manufacturers. The aims of this bill seems to be similar to those of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors. Senate Resolution 146, adopted on June 5, 1970, deals in part with this subject. A copy of this resolution is also attached.