Off-Road Recreation Vehicles - Background
This page last reviewed November 14, 2014
Board approved the off-highway recreational vehicles regulations in
1994. This rulemaking established emission standards and test
procedures for off-highway vehicles (OHVs) including:
off-road motorcycles (dirt bikes) and all-terrain vehicles (ATVs);
engines used in specialty vehicles and go-karts; and golf carts.
Subsequent Board activity modified this original rulemaking. Engines
producing less than 25 horsepower that are used in specialty vehicles
or go-karts are now incorporated into the small off-road engine regulations.
Similarly, engines producing 25 horsepower and greater that are used in specialty vehicles or go-karts
are now incorporated into the large
spark-ignition engine regulations.
in 1998, the Board approved amendments to the off-highway recreational
vehicle regulations. These amendments were directed specifically toward
dirt bikes and ATVs. Most notable, OHV registration is based
on compliance to California's exhaust emission standards.
Emission-Compliant dirt bikes and ATVs are eligible for OHV Green
Sticker registration and can be operated year round.
Emission-Noncompliant dirt bikes and ATVs are eligible for OHV Red
Sticker registration and are subject to usage restrictions. The Certification Database provides a list of the Executive Orders for Off-Road Recreational Vehicles
(motorcycles, ATVs and electric golfcarts).
|The off-highway recreational vehicle regulations now contain the following
|Effective January 1, 1997, new golf carts purchased for operation within
federal ozone non-attainment areas must be zero-emission golf carts (e.g., electric). Please view the attainment / non-attainment
areas. Golf carts in attainment areas must use engines in compliance with the small
off-road engine regulations.
|Dirt Bikes / ATVs:
|New dirt bikes and ATVs that meet California's emission standards are eligible
for OHV Green Sticker registration. The 2002 and older non-complying dirt bikes and ATVs are eligible for
OHV Green Sticker registration. The 2003 and newer non-complying dirt bikes and ATVs are eligible for OHV Red Sticker